The Morgan Library & Museum presents a solo exhibition of work by the Los Angeles–based artist Betye Saar (b. 1926). Best known for incisive collages and assemblages that confront and reclaim racist images, Betye Saar sketchbooks present a different side of her creative output.
Emerging in the 1960s as part of a wave of artists, many of them African American, who embraced the medium of assemblage, Saar went on to become one of the most significant artists working in this medium today.
Running through January 31, 2021, Betye Saar: Call and Response is the first exhibition to focus on Betye Saar sketchbooks and examine the relationship between her found objects, sketches, and finished works.
The daughter of a seamstress, and a printmaker by training, Saar brings to her work a remarkable sensitivity to materials, and she draws her imagery from popular culture, family history, and a wide range of spiritual traditions. Her creative process starts with a found object: a piece of leather, a cot, a tray, a birdcage, an ironing board. The objects she chooses are ordinary, used, and slightly debased—things most people would simply pass by. After identifying a primary object that calls to her, Saar surveys her stockpile of other found materials for use in combination. Once she has arrived at a vision of the final work, she responds with a sketch in which she lays out her ideas for the finished work.
Betye Saar sketchbooks
Saar has kept such sketchbooks throughout her career. She has also kept more elaborate travel sketchbooks containing exquisite watercolors and collages—often relating to leitmotifs seen across her oeuvre—from a lifetime of journeys worldwide.
Betye Saar: Call and Response presents Betye Saar sketchbooks and corresponding assemblages alongside approximately a dozen of her travel sketchbooks. Selections cover a broad span of her career, from the 1970s through a sculptural installation made specifically for this exhibition, in addition to collages from the Morgan’s collections that have never before been displayed.
Organized by the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), the exhibition at the Morgan is coordinated by Dr. Rachel Federman, the Morgan’s Associate Curator of Modern and Contemporary Drawings.
“It’s an honor to present the work of Betye Saar, an artist I have long admired,” Federman said. “By providing access to her sketchbooks, this exhibition will give visitors an unprecedented glimpse into Saar’s artistic practice.”
The Morgan’s presentation of Betye Saar: Call and Response also includes Saar’s A Secretary to the Spirits (1975), the outcome of an invitation by author and activist Ishmael Reed (b. 1938) to create a series of collages for his poetry book of the same name. In another form of “call and response,” each of Saar’s collages is based on and named for one of Reed’s poems. Saar employed a layered approach to echo Reed’s poetry, which combines references to the ancient and the contemporary, the spiritual and the mundane. The series of six collages is part of the Morgan’s collection and will be displayed in full for the first time as part of this exhibition.
“After a somber spring, we are delighted to reopen the Morgan Library & Museum this summer with this incredible, poignant body of work by Betye Saar,” The Morgan’s Director, Dr. Colin B. Bailey, said. “Her assemblages, in combination with the tremendous creative repository of her notebooks will provide audiences with an opportunity to look closely at and consider the relationship between the found objects she uses, sketches, and completed works.”
About Betye Saar
Betye Saar (b. 1926) has played a seminal role in the development of assemblage art. Since the 1960s, her work has reflected on African-American identity, spirituality, gender, and the interconnectedness of different cultures.
Saar received her BA from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1949, followed by graduate studies at California State University, Long Beach; the University of Southern California; and California State University, Northridge. She has been awarded honorary doctoral degrees by California College of Arts and Crafts, California Institute of the Arts, Cornish College of the Arts, Massachusetts College of Art, Otis College of Art and Design, and San Francisco Art Institute.
Her work is included in the permanent collections of more than eighty museums, including—in addition to the Morgan Library & Museum—the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.; the Los Angeles County Museum of Art; the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; the Museum of Modern Art, New York; and the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.Betye SaarBlack artistFemale artist