Freedom Monument Sculpture Park opening in Montgomery on March 27, 2024

The Equal Justice Initiative (EJI) will open the Freedom Monument Sculpture Park on March 27, 2024. The 17-acre site combines historical artifacts, contemporary art, original research, and first-person narratives to provide an authentic and historically significant space that explores the institution of slavery, the lives of enslaved people, and the legacy of slavery in this country.

The enslavement of 10 million Black people has shaped the legal, cultural, social, and economic character of the United States in profound ways, but the history of enslavement and the lives of enslaved people have often been ignored. The Sculpture Park seeks to address this lack of education and also seeks to honor the millions of people who endured the brutality of slavery and created a more hopeful future for this country.

The Freedom Monument Sculpture Park joins EJI’s award-winning Legacy Sites — the expanded Legacy Museum and the National Memorial for Peace and Justice. 

“I believe this will become a special place for millions of people who want to reckon with the history of slavery and honor the lives of people who endured tremendous hardship, but still found ways to love in the midst of sorrow,” Bryan Stevenson, Founder and Executive Director of the Equal Justice Initiative, said. “Many of us are the heirs to that extraordinary perseverance and hope. There is a lot to learn at this site and we want everyone to experience it.”

What to See at Freedom Monument Sculpture Park

The Freedom Monument Sculpture Park presents many historically significant objects, structures, and totems. 170-year-old dwellings from cotton plantations, restraints, and historical objects that represent the violence of slavery, and replicas of critical structures like rail cars and holding pens enable a more detailed understanding of the experience of enslaved people. Bricks made by enslaved people 175 years ago can be seen and touched.

The site also presents powerful stories of survival, perseverance, hope, and resistance to the dehumanization that slavery created. 

From a short history about Indigenous Peoples to an examination of Africa before and after the arrival of Europeans, the Sculpture Park contextualizes the history of slavery so that a more nuanced and informed understanding of this institution and its legacy is possible. Also explored are the transatlantic trade of African people and the domestic trade of enslaved people in the United States; the laws of slavery in America; the labor of enslaved people; and escape, rebellion, and resistance to slavery.

Love, death, family, and faith among enslaved people are acknowledged at different sections of the Park. 

The National Monument to Freedom, standing 43-feet-tall and 155-feet-long, marks the culmination of the journey through the Sculpture Park. Using research from the 1870 Census, which was the first time formerly enslaved Black people were able to formally record a surname, the Monument individually lists over 122,000 surnames that nearly five million Black people adopted at the time and that tens of millions of people now carry across generations.

At EJI’s Visitors Center, guests are able to learn more about the counties and states associated with the names of formerly enslaved people, and visitors can use the kiosks to advance genealogical research or trace family histories. 

The art collection at the Sculpture Park is one of the most significant narrative collections in the world, a curated effort featuring newly commissioned works by artists including Charles Gaines, Alison Saar, and Kwame Akoto-Bamfo, alongside major sculptures from Simone Leigh, Wangechi Mutu, Rose B. Simpson, Theaster Gates, Kehinde Wiley, and Hank Willis Thomas.

The art works in tandem with historical artifacts to dramatize the brutality of slavery while simultaneously illuminating the strength, dignity, and power of enslaved people and their descendants. 

Freedom Monument Sculpture Park Location

Freedom Monument Sculpture Park is located on the banks of the Alabama River, bordered by rail lines built by enslaved people. The River was also home to Indigenous Peoples who occupied these lands for centuries before the arrival of Europeans in the 16th century, a history which is acknowledged at the Sculpture Park. 

The Alabama River flows through the Black Belt of Alabama and was a center of commerce throughout much of the 19th century. Large plantations were built along the river’s banks where goods and produce could be easily shipped to distant locations. Forming just north of Montgomery, the river flows 318 miles through counties which held some of the largest populations of enslaved people in the country.

By the 1850s, rail became the most common mode of moving and selling enslaved people, and hundreds of enslaved Black people arrived in Montgomery each day. By 1860, nearly 400,000 Black people were enslaved on or near the Alabama River. 

The Alabama River also has an enduring legacy with regard to Civil Rights and flows under the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama, which was the site of the most significant efforts for voting rights for African Americans. 

Through its significant location, artwork, and historical research and context, the Freedom Monument Sculpture Park presents a significant space for visitors to deepen their understanding of the institution of slavery and its legacy, while honoring the lives of the people who were enslaved.

About Equal Justice Initiative 

The Equal Justice Initiative (EJI) is committed to ending mass incarceration and excessive punishment in the United States, to challenging racial and economic injustice, and to protecting basic human rights for the most vulnerable people in American society. Founded in 1989 by Bryan Stevenson, a widely acclaimed public interest lawyer and best-selling author of Just Mercy, EJI is a private, 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization.

We work with communities that have been marginalized by poverty and discouraged by unequal treatment, and we are committed to changing the narrative about race in America. 

EJI is dedicated to helping the poor, the incarcerated, and the condemned. We provide legal assistance to death row prisoners, confront abuse of the incarcerated and the mentally ill, and aid children prosecuted as adults.

EJI has recently launched new programs aimed at reducing poverty in America, including a massive program to address food insecurity and a health clinic providing free care to vulnerable populations. 

About the Legacy Museum 

Located on the site of a former warehouse where enslaved Black people were forced to labor in Montgomery, Alabama, this narrative museum uses interactive media, sculpture, videography, and exhibits to immerse visitors in the sights and sounds of the slave trade, racial terrorism, the Jim Crow South, and the world’s largest prison system. The original Legacy Museum opened in 2018 and in 2021 EJI opened a new, greatly expanded Legacy Museum.

Compelling visuals and data-rich exhibits provide a one-of-a-kind opportunity to investigate America’s history of racial injustice and its legacy—to draw dynamic connections across generations of Americans impacted by the tragic history of racial inequality. 

The Legacy Museum’s Art Gallery which now features art and sculpture by Deborah Roberts, Faith Ringgold, Elizabeth Catlett, Glenn Ligon, Yvonne Cole, Romare Bearden, Simone Leigh, Kehinde Wiley, James Kerry Marshall, Alison Saar, Gordon Parks, Kwame Akoto-Bamfo, Winfred Rembert, Jade Yasmeen, Sanford Biggers, Sandrine Plante, Hank Willis Thomas, and many other artists. 

About the National Memorial for Peace and Justice 

EJI has documented nearly 6,500 lynchings of African American women, men, and children were hanged, burned alive, shot, drowned, and beaten to death by white mobs between 1865 and 1959. Millions more fled the South as refugees from racial terrorism, profoundly impacting the entire nation. Until the National Memorial for Peace and Justice opened in 2018, there was no national memorial acknowledging the victims of racial terror lynchings.

On a six-acre site atop a rise overlooking Montgomery, the national lynching memorial is a sacred space for truth-telling and reflection about racial terror in America and its legacy.

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